Heart Conditions

Conditions relating to the heart are called Cardiac conditions. There are many different types of Cardiac conditions:

  • Congenital Heart Disease is a birth defect that affects the normal workings of the heart.
  • Cardiomyopathy is the general term for disease of the heart muscle, which affects its ability to pump blood around the body.
  • Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is sometimes called ischaemic heart disease or coronary artery disease. It is when your hearts blood supply is blocked or interrupted due to a build up of fatty substances in the arteries.
  • A Myocardial Infarction (MI) is more commonly known as a heart attack. This is when the supply of blood to the heart is suddenly blocked (usually by a blood clot).
  • Arrhythmia is an abnormal heart beat. The main types of arrhythmia are: Atrial fibrillation (AF), Supreventricular tachycardia, Bradycardia, Heart Block and Ventricular fibrillation. 
  • Angina is a syndrome which occurs when the supply of oxygen-rich blood to the heart becomes restricted.
  • Heart failure is when the heart is unable to pump blood around the body properly.  It usually occurs because the heart has become too weak or stiff.